Miltenberg Stadt, Miltenberg
The historic Miltenberg lies on the Main’s left bank on the “left knee” of the Mainviereck (“Main Square”) between the Spessart and Odenwald ranges. Since the Main riverbed in the Miltenberg area is relatively near the foot of the Odenwald, only a narrow strip of usable land is left, which in bygone centuries was time and again flooded by the Main. The historic centre, which stands on this land, often sustained considerable damage in these floods. Only in the 21st century efficient flood control measures, most of all a wall, have significantly reduced the adverse effects of these floods. Since about the beginning of the 20th century, after buying land from the neighbouring community of Großheubach, Miltenberg has been spreading itself out on the right bank.
Even as far back as prehistoric and early historical times, people knew about the strategic importance of the strait at the Main "knee" between the Odenwald and the Spessart, building mighty circular ramparts on the Greinberg above Miltenberg and on the Bürgstadter Berg (hills). About 155 AD, the Romans laid down the almost dead straight "Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes" on the Main. Near today’s Miltenberg, the Limes came up against the Main, which from here northwards formed the Roman Empire’s natural border with Germania. Remnants of two Roman castra can be found nearby, one between Miltenberg and Bürgstadt (Kastell Miltenberg-Ost) and the other between Miltenberg and Kleinheubach (Altstadtkastell).